Examination instruments you will need for clinical exam of Medical School/College

The specific instruments you’ll need for a medical school clinical exam will depend on the focus of the exam. However, there are some general tools that are commonly used in most physical examinations, and we can list those for you:

Essential Instruments:

  • Stethoscope: Used to listen to sounds from the heart, lungs, and abdomen.
  • Sphygmomanometer: Measures blood pressure.
  • Thermometer: Measures body temperature.
  • Otoscope: Examines the ear canal and eardrum.
  • Ophthalmoscope: Examines the interior of the eye.
  • Penlight: Illuminates areas during examination.
  • Tuning fork: Tests for vibration perception and nerve function.
  • Percussion hammer: Used to tap on body structures to assess sound and vibrations.
  • Reflex hammer: Tests reflexes.

Additional Instruments (depending on focus):

  • Laryngeal mirror: Examines the back of the throat and larynx.
  • Nasal speculum: Widens the nasal passages for examination.
  • Vaginal speculum: Used for gynecological examinations.
  • Rectal thermometer: Measures body temperature rectally.
  • Otoscope with pneumatic bulb: Tests eardrum mobility.
  • Tongue depressor: Depresses the tongue for examining the throat.
  • Gauze pads: Used for cleaning and wiping.
  • Gloves: Protects both patient and examiner.

General Supplies:

  • Hand sanitizer
  • Alcohol wipes
  • Paper towels
  • Disposable gowns
  • Drapes
  • Lubricant gel (for some instruments)

Remember: This is not an exhaustive list, and your specific exam may require additional tools. Always follow the instructions provided by your instructors or examiners.

It’s also important to note that using these instruments requires proper training and technique. Never attempt to use a medical instrument on a patient without proper instruction and supervision.

I hope this information helps!


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