Flashcards of Head and Neck Anatomy (Unit 6)

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What is the Action of Tensor Veli Palatini?
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Tenses palate, opens auditory tube with mouth opening

The pterygomandibular raphe is the meeting point od which Muscles?
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The Buccinator Muscle and The Superior Pharyngeal Constrictor

What is the Origin of Levator Veli Palatini?
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Inferior petrous temporal bone, medial auditory tube

The Fauces are present between?
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Anterior and Posterior pillars

What is the Action of Levator Veli Palatini?
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Elevates/raises palate (during swallowing)

Nerve Innervation of Tensor Veli Palatini?
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CN V3

Which Muscles prevent food from entering the Nasopharynx?
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The Tensor and Levator Veli Palatini

What is the Origin of Tensor Veli Palatini?
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Greater wing of sphenoid (scaphoid fossa), lateral cartilage of auditory tube.

Soft Palate is covered by which type of Epithelium?
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Nonkeratinized Mucosa

Bifid uvula results from incomplete fusion of which structure?
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Palatine Shelves

What is the Insertion of Tensor Veli Palatini?
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Wraps around pterygoid hamulus to insert onto midline palatal aponeurosis (with contralateral fibers)

WALDEYER’S RING consists of which Structures?
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Ring of lymphoid tissue ■ Lingual tonsil (inferiorly) ■ Palatine tonsils (faucial tonsils) (laterally) ■ Nasopharyngeal tonsils (adenoids) (superiorly)

What is the Nerve Supply of Levator Veli Palatini?
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CN X

What is the Nerve Supply of Superior Constrictor Muscle?
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Sensory: CN X , Motor: CN XI (via X)

What is the Insertion of Superior Constrictor Muscle?
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Midline pharyngeal raphe, (posteriorly); pharyngeal tubercle.

What is the Insertion of Levator Veli Palatini?
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Palatine aponeurosis

The soft palate attaches to the tongue through which Structure?
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Glossopalatine (Palatoglossal) Arches

The soft palate attaches to the Pharynx through which Structure?
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Palatopharyngeal Arches

What is the Origin of Superior Constrictor Muscle?
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Pterygomandibular Raphe and Pharyngeal Tubercle; Mylohyoid line of Mandible.

What is the Action of Superior Constrictor Muscle?
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Contract in waves (to propel food).

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